A Look into the History of Persia and What it is Called Today

Unearth the past of this land and uncover what lies beneath! Delve deep into its secrets and explore the mysteries that have been hidden away for centuries. Uncover the tales of a bygone era and discover what its modern name is! Venture forth on an adventure through time and uncover the rich history of Persia.

Exploring the enigmatic land of Persia is a journey that unveils a captivating history. From its ancient beginnings to the present day, this area has seen many rulers and civilizations come and go. The earliest known empire in Persian lands was the Elamite Empire, which flourished in what is now southwestern Iran from around 2700 BCE to 539 BCE when it was conquered by Cyrus the Great, founder of the Achaemenid dynasty. This kingdom lasted until 330 BCE when Alexander the Great defeated them at Persepolis.

Following this, Persia became part of various other empires such as the Seleucid Empire, Parthian Empire and Sasanian Empire. In 651 CE, Arab Muslims invaded and converted Persia to Islam; this period is referred to as Islamic Iran or Persianate rule and lasted until 1219 when Genghis Khan destroyed much of its cities and monuments.

The Safavid Dynasty was founded in 1501 CE which brought about a revival of Iranian culture and art; it ended in 1736 when it was replaced by the Afsharid Dynasty who then handed power over to Karim Khan Zand in 1750 CE who established the Zand Dynasty until 1794 when Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar declared himself shah (king) of Iran forming the Qajar Dynasty which lasted until 1925 CE.

In 1935 Reza Shah Pahlavi declared himself king of Iran initiating modern reforms that led to his son Mohammad Reza Pahlavi taking over as shah in 1941 CE until 1979 when he was overthrown by an Islamic Revolution bringing about an Islamic Republic of Iran still existing today!

This land’s past is filled with many stories, artifacts, and ruins – all waiting for you to uncover!



Perplexity and burstiness envelop the land known variously as Persia, Iran, or the Islamic Republic of Iran. For centuries, it has been a vibrant hub of cultures, religions, and languages. It was once the epicenter of one of the most powerful empires in human history – an empire that reached its apex in the 6th century BCE. Its influence continues to be felt throughout world history to this day.

– History of the Name Change from Persia to Iran

For centuries, the term “Iran” has been used to distinguish Iranians from other ethnic groups in Central Asia. But it wasn’t until 1935 when the Iranian government requested that all countries refer to their nation as Iran instead of Persia that this name change was officially accepted and embraced by many. This shift away from the colonial past of Persia was an effort to emphasize a national identity and create a new image for Iran on an international level.

The word “Iran” traces its roots back to Aryan, an ancient Indo-European language spoken thousands of years ago by people living in Central Asia. Roughly translated, it means “Land of the Aryans”. Through this name change, Iranians sought to distance themselves from a troubled past: during World War II, Persia had sided with Nazi Germany, causing tension with other nations after the war ended.

Finally, in 1959, the United Nations officially recognized Iran as the official name for Persia. To this day, “Iran” is almost exclusively used when referring to this Middle Eastern nation and its citizens are proud of their heritage and culture – a reminder that although times may have changed, some traditions remain constant.

– Historical Impact of the Persian Empire

long after its fall. From the language and architecture to politics and culture, this ancient civilization left a lasting mark on the world that can still be seen today.

– Persian Culture Through the Ages

Enveloped in a mysterious and multifaceted past, Persian culture has been the source of many influences throughout the Middle East and beyond. Its history is one that spans centuries, from the Achaemenid Empire to the Safavid period, with each era being shaped by a variety of cultures from Central Asia to Islam. Religion has had a major impact on Iranian culture, particularly Islam which supplanted Zoroastrianism after the Arab conquest. Additionally, Farsi (Persian) language has had an influence on other languages like Kurdish and Azeri Turkish. Art has also played a role in shaping Persian culture over time, with traditional painting styles such as miniatures and calligraphy still popular today. Music is another integral part of Persian culture; traditional instruments like tar and santur are used to create melodic tunes that often tell stories about love or nature. As it stands now, Persian culture is an amalgamation of its past and present, making it one of the most interesting cultures in the world.

– Historical Monuments in Iran

A land of rich and varied antiquity, Iran is home to a plethora of remarkable historical edifices. From ancient Persian palaces to mosques and tombs, the nation’s monuments offer an invaluable glimpse into its past.

The ruins of Persepolis are one of the most renowned sites in the country. Situated in Fars Province, this 6th century BC palace was established by Darius I as a ceremonial capital for the Achaemenid Empire. What remains today is a remarkable collection of grand staircases, columns and walls adorned with intricate carvings.

Takht-e Soleyman, located near Takab in West Azerbaijan Province, is another noteworthy monument from Iran’s past. Dating back to the Sassanid era (224-651 AD), it includes a Zoroastrian temple, fire altar and other structures built around an artificial lake.

The Tomb of Ferdowsi is yet another significant relic from Iranian history. Located in Tus in Razavi Khorasan Province, it was erected for the celebrated Persian poet Ferdowsi who composed one of the greatest works of Persian literature – Shahnameh (Book of Kings). The tomb boasts exquisite tile work and inscriptions from Shahnameh on its walls.

Finally, there are numerous mosques throughout Iran that have been designated as historical monuments due to their age or architectural significance – Masjed-e Jameh in Isfahan being one example, having been constructed in 841 AD and featuring four iwans (vaulted halls), two minarets and other ornate decorations depicting Islamic motifs.

Iran’s many historical monuments provide visitors with an opportunity to delve into its long history and culture – offering up a truly fascinating insight into how people lived during different eras.

– The Role of Religion in Iranian History

Throughout the ages, faith has been a pervasive power in Iranian culture and society. From antiquity to the present day, spiritual beliefs and traditions have been integral parts of life in Iran. In ancient times, Zoroastrianism was the prominent religion, its sway extending far beyond the borders of this country. Later on, Islam arrived and had a tremendous effect on Iranian civilization; it caused a period of remarkable cultural and political alteration. At present, Shia Islam is the formal religion of Iran and remains an essential part of everyday life for many Iranians.

The introduction of Islam to Iran began during the 7th century when Arab armies invaded the area. This brought about an immense shift in Iranian society as Islamic laws were implemented and customs became widespread. Over time, Shia Islam superseded Zoroastrianism as the predominant faith in Iran. The Safavid dynasty (1501-1736) made Shia Islam the state religion while also promoting it throughout their empire; thus establishing a strong link between religious beliefs and politics which is still visible today.

Religion has left its imprint on Iranian art, literature, architecture and other forms of expression over time. A lot of renowned Persian works from poetry to miniature painting were produced under Islamic rule. Religious symbols are frequently seen in Iranian architecture; mosques are adorned with intricate designs that reflect traditional Islamic aesthetics while shrines honoring Sufi saints can be found all around cities and rural areas across Iran.

Even now, faith continues to be an influential element in daily life for numerous Iranians; prayer is commonplace among both men and women while public displays of piety are becoming increasingly common in urban areas throughout the nation. Despite recent initiatives by some reformists to propagate secularism in Iran, religious convictions remain deeply embedded within Iranian culture and continue to shape its history even now.


The present day nation of what was formerly known as Persia is now referred to as Iran. This switch in appellation happened back in the 1930s, when the Iranian government requested that all countries refer to the country by its original Persian name. Through the ages, this once powerful empire has been a major player in history and has had a lengthy and abundant cultural heritage.


Some questions with answers

1. What is Persia today called?
Today, Persia is known as Iran.

2. How did the name change?

In 1935, the country was officially renamed from Persia to Iran by its then-ruler Reza Shah Pahlavi.

3. Why did the name change?
Reza Shah wanted to emphasize the ancient Persian roots of his dynasty and modern Iranian state. He wanted to create a national identity that would be distinct from other countries in the region and also strengthen a sense of unity among Iranians.

4. When did this happen?

The name change happened in 1935, when Reza Shah took power in Iran.

5. What was Persia before it became Iran?

Before it became Iran, Persia was an ancient empire that spanned much of Southwest Asia and parts of Eastern Europe for centuries until its fall in the 7th century CE.

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